Food To Eat And Avoid For Overactive Thyroid Patients

A man with a fruits

What do you diet? It plays an important role in managing hyperthyroidism, however, some food can make symptoms worse and even interfere with medicines.

If the thyroid gland produces low or high-level T3, T4, or both (a thyroid hormone), then these conditions trigger metabolism, which leads to thyroid issues.

An overactive thyroid is also called “Hyperthyroidism“.

About every 3rd Indian suffers from 1 or another kind of thyroid disorder, and most people even do not know they have thyroid issues.

An analysis of data was collected from more than 33 lakh adults in India from 2014 to 2016.

The data revealed that about 32% of the Indian population suffers from various types of thyroid problems (1).

Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, followed by Iodine consumption.

It has many symptoms but some common are – Nervousness, weight loss, increased appetite, difficulty in sleeping, feeling hot, and muscle weakness.

What Causes Hyperthyroidism?

It has many causes, but one of them is Graves disease, which is an autoimmune disorder, it can pass through genes, and women are more prone to this than men.

  • Excessive iodine consumption
  • Graves disease
  • Infection
  • Stress
  • Thyroiditis
  • Thyroid cancer can also lead to an overactive thyroid

Food To Eat

Diet or food plays a vital role in both managing or making the symptoms worse, so make sure to eat a healthy diet, especially when you have any medical issues.

There is numerous food, which you should eat for an overactive thyroid such as:

Calcium and vitamin D

Increasing evidence suggests that vitamin D has a significant role in reducing the incidence of autoimmune diseases like Graves disorder (2).

Also, both calcium is good for bone health, which reduces the chance of osteoporosis, and poor bone density.

Calcium-rich foods such as:

  • Dairy products such as – milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream
  • Spinach
  • white beans
  • kale

NOTE: calcium may interfere with the proper absorption of thyroid medications. Therefore, keep the gap of at least 4 hours b/w the intake of both medicines.

Fruits rich in calcium

  • Kiwi
  • oranges
  • Apricots
  • Berries, blackberries
  • pineapple
  • papaya

Vitamin D food such as:

  • Sun exposure, Is one of the best sources of vitamin D, but consume it in limited amounts.
  • red meat, but excessive amount lead to blockage of arteries
  • mushroom
  • fatty fish
  • Banana

Used low-Iodine foods

Iodine is a vital part of making thyroid hormones. but excessive amounts of iodine can lead to a thyroid disorder.

Instead of high iodine salt and food, switch to rock salt which naturally contains iodine, and food that is good in it:

  • Whole grains
  • Lentils
  • Dairy products
  • Bananas
  • Carrots
  • Non-iodine salt
  • Egg white
  • Honey potato
  • Oats
  • Fruit and fruit juices

Omega-3 rich foods

  • Fish such as salmon, and tuna are one of the best sources of omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Nuts and seeds (flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts)
  • Cauliflower, but it is well roasted, avoid eating raw

NOTE: After adopting this diet, having any discomfort, or seeing an increase in the thyroid, then consult the doctor, because it may interact with your medicine.

NOTE: In addition, add healthy fats to your diet such as – coconut, almond, olive, sunflower, soy, and corn oils.

Food that contains selenium

Selenium contributes to the antioxidant defense in the thyroid, by removing oxygen free radicals generated during the production of thyroid hormones (3) (4).

Here are top good sources of selenium foods:

  • Brazil nuts
  • organ meats
  • mushrooms
  • chicken rice
  • baked beans
  • chia seeds
  • turkey
  • oatmeal spinach

NOTE: Although, all these food are given in the – Food to avoid heading – so avoid over-consuming it, and consult your doctor before taking them.

For patients with mild to moderate Graves disease, selenium supplementation seems to be beneficial (5).

Food To Avoid

Excessive iodine food

Iodine is the most important mineral for ideal thyroid function, but make sure to avoid iodized free-flowing salt, because it is refined salt synthetically added.

Here is food that contains rich iodine foods such as:

  • Dairy and milk
  • Seafood like – tuna, lobster, crabs, seaweeds, prawns, sushi, algae, carrageen, shellfish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cheese
  • Iodine contains salt
  • blackstrap molasses
  • raw Milk
  • Iodine contains medicine, and supplement, like amiodarone, cough syrups, herbal, and vitamin supplement.

Processed food millets

It is one of the eating things that contain a high amount of salt, and sugar, which even leads to multiple diseases.

Avoid this food also such as:

  • Junk food
  • A street like momos, chowmein, french fries, and chili potato are the mostly eaten street food in India.
  • Processed food such as -candies, surgery drinks, burgers, pasta pizza
  • Frozen food

It is imperative that you stop eating preservative-laden packaged food for a while and eat homey food, and it is not difficult, simply step into the healthy plate.

Here are healthy plate for you:

  • Fill half your plate with fresh seasonal vegetables
  • 1/4 plate fill with dal, and any seasonal sabzi, and 1/4 part fill with complex carbs like roti, and rice.

NOTE: Always walk for 20 to 30 minutes after eating food, due to the level of insulin also drops to a great extent, and many more benefits.

Check Out – Health Effects of Walking After Having Dinner

Cruciferous vegetables

These vegetables have been thought to interfere with how your thyroid uses iodine. this food such as:

  • cabbage
  • cauliflower
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Kale

NOTE: This food can be consumed but only if they are well roasted, and avoided raw.


Some food and drinks that contain caffeine can make worse your symptoms of overactive thyroid

Italian research suggests that coffee lowers the intestinal absorption of both inorganic and organic compounds, and physically interacts with thyroid medications.

Caffeine products such as:

  • Coffee
  • Chocolates, especially dark chocolate
  • Tea, like black tea
  • Energy drinks
  • Regular soda

The coffee consumption rate, components of coffee, and its effect on health and the body were significantly different by gender (6).

Tanning and caffeine-based drinks do hinder thyroid healing, so keep them to a minimum.

Avoid soya products

Some evidence suggests that soy foods, by inhibiting absorption, may increase the dose of thyroid hormone required by hypothyroid patients (7)

Avoid soy food or minimize the amount of them such as:

  • Soy milk
  • Tofu
  • Soy sauce
  • Peanuts
  • edamame beans
  • Soybeans oil
  • Butter
  • Soy-based creams

Soya products can also interfere with the body’s ability to absorb the medicine (8).

However, it is important to eat soy food, but make sure their intake of iodine is adequate.

Cold refrigerated food

Make sure to use an earthen pot instead of cold water, because cold refrigerated food can interfere with your thyroid gland.

However, some more research is needed on this topic to make this topic true or false.

According to Ayurveda, cold water can imbalance your dosa and slow the digestive process, but has also health benefits such as:

  • Prevent your body from overheating
  • Recover body quick
  • eliminate infection
  • Lose weight

Check out – Cold Water Vs Hot Water

Home-Made Recipes

Medicine is a way that can manage thyroid issues, but if you do not want to depend on medicine, then Ayurveda has a good treatment for it.

Ayurvedic remedies are the most effective treatment to heal the thyroid in such as way that it again starts functioning efficiently.

Walnut oil

Pure cold-pressed walnut oil is also mentioned in Ayurveda texts, all you need to do is every night before going to sleep are:

  • Take 4 to 5 drops of walnut oil and massage the thyroid area to heal it

Walnut oil is often used in thyroid disorders because it contains selenium, a mineral that contributes to thyroid function.

Also rich in omega-3 and 6 fatty acids, which are classed as essential. Adding walnut oil to your diet may fight swelling in the throat and chronic inflammation (9).

NOTE: In addition, you can also massage the neck with onion juice that too is effective.

Coriander seeds water

According to both Ayurveda and modern science, yes it is beneficial for a thyroid disorder by reducing the symptoms.

For this you have to:

  • Take 1 (tsp) of coriander seeds and crush them with a motor pestle, if you are not a motor pestle, simply use chuckle bellan.
  • Put the seeds in a glass of water and keep it overnight
  • In the morning, put this water in the bowl, for a boil on a low flame, until it reduces to half the water is left.
  • Now, strain the seeds and slowly sip the water, like tea.

Avoid using a mixer grinder, because it will heat the seeds, which kills the vital nutrients required to heal the thyroid disease.

NOTE: Consume it in the morning, before 30 minutes of breakfast, and do not eat anything in between.

If you taking any other juice at this point in time, please avoid them for 3 months.


Make sure, to walk for 30 minutes after eating food, which is good for a diabetes patient, and even overall health.

Consult the doctor, first before taking any supplements, medicine, or food, because it may make your thyroid symptoms bad.


Hello, I'm Sahil bisht, I am a Mechanical engineer, As well as, aspiring blogger with an obsession for health. This blog delicate to people who want to learn in health.

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