A lazy eye (amblyopia) is actually a lazy brain problem, in this the eye is fine, but this eye problem can lead to poor vision.
It is commonly affecting 1-4% of children in India.
There are several treatments for lazy eye, and several doctors recommended that it is treatable only till 7 or 12 years of age.
Because at this age brain and eyes are still in the developing stage and after 7 years of age undergo aggressive treatment.
Reason for Lazy Eye
There are several reasons for lazy eye including:
- Refractive error
- Different vision problem
- ametropia and anisometropia were the most common causes of lazy eye
- vitamin A deficiency
- eye surgery
- the dropping one of your eyes
- cornea issue (infection is the major reason it, red, pus, and watery are its common symptoms)
Eye training is another best option to treat lazy eyes, after medical treatment, with an eye patch, among other exercises.
So this top will describe you 8 excellent exercises to fix lazy eye in both adults and kids.
Eye patch Training
In this, covering a fellow eye, basically, the concept is – the more brain uses the weaker eye, the stronger it gets.
A pilot experiment study showed that in patients with eye-patch for 2 h while watching a movie, their vision improved after 3 days of training.
Eye‐patch was custom‐made of a translucent plastic material which allow light to reach the retina 15% only but completely prevented pattern vision.
Studies have shown that eye-patch cannot cure lazy eye alone, with eye drops, and other eye treatments are more helpful in it.
In addition, studies indicate that binocular treatment including dig rush, or occlu-pas games are more effective than eye patches.
Dichoptic training aim is to reduce stronger eye contrast to rebalance the contrast between the eyes (2)
The study showed that repeated exposure can effectively reduce amblyopia in adults, resulted improves visual sharpness.
Dichoptic training is a new therapeutic exercise for amblyopia, which employs simultaneous and separate stimulation of both eyes.
This patient can perform certain visual tasks to fix lazy eye (3) are:
- Video games
Dichoptic amblyopia therapy showed a significantly positive effect on vision in children and in adults.
There is no dichoptic therapy design that is home-based, and most of the exercises should be done under supervision (4)
Many kids and even adults love to color and encourage children to color within the line, not just on paper.
It is a good idea to concentrate your brain and eye on the object, which is an excellent exercise for lazy eyes.
Following these tips when your children do coloring include:
- Choose coloring books that have lots of lines
- Make sure children don’t remove eye patches (which created a hard and idle condition for weak eyes for focus)
- tell children that color should be filled above the lines and within the lines.
It is an action-adventure mobile game, announced by Ubisoft while patients wear red-green anaglyphic glasses (5)
These games include – wearing red-green glasses that separate the essence of the game seen by each eye for example:
- Gold and fore color are (reduced contrast element) seen by the stronger eye
- miners and monsters (high-contrast element) are seen by the lazy eye
- ground and rocks (also high-contrast background elements) are seen by both eyes
Studies have shown that it successfully showed a positive effect on early childhood lazy eye, before the age of 5.
Studies were 28 children between 4 to 10 years old with a lazy eye and other eye disorders include.
Results show the positive effects of these games on amblyopia in comparing this binocular treatment with patches.
Several studies showed its benefits, and some have shown nothing, so perform more studies with higher adherence are needed (6)
Pencil or pen Training
It is also known as doing pencil or pen pushups.
A study showed that pencil pushups treatment or exercise (PPT) is an effective treatment for amblyopia.
The study showed 6 weeks of results, where PPT can bring some improvement in both findings and symptoms on it.
Your healthcare recommended that patients do PPT for 5 minutes per day and in-home therapy system for 15 per day (7)
How To Do PPT?
- Hold a pen or pencil in front of your face at arm’s length
- slowly move the pen towards your nose as possible
- once the pen becomes blurry, then move back to the same, position, where you started.
- concentrate on the pen without blurry or doubling it
- repeat it 5 times per day, especially in the morning
Visual activities such as reading, watching tv, played video games while wearing patches may be helpful.
Control studies have shown that amblyopic children can not read slowly because they have a learning disability called dyslexia.
Even though it usually results in poor vision in just one eye, amblyopia can reduce reading speed naturally (8).
There is no hard evidence, that tells that the training will help with lazy eye, however, children can read faster, with help of parents and teacher helps.
Solving puzzles with an eye patch can help strengthen the weaker eye.
There is a range of puzzles from very easy to very hard, make sure to use age-related (puzzles for kids) puzzles for preventing irritability.
There are several eye training include – including iPad games, video games, movies, with together puzzles.
It is one of the best games of my childhood, and we spent lots of time on this game (9)
In this game, participants have to build complete line blocks, the level being difficult as you reach higher levels.
This is basically, a renowned game for binocular treatment, where patients wear red-green glasses for refractive correction (10)
In a study where 28 children, between 5 to 14 years old were included (26 experiencing lazy eye types disorder, and 2 mixed with anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia)
Results were shown visual sharpness improvement in the lazy type disorder group and a small improvement in the other group.
Studies have shown that patching was more effective than treatment with falling blocks.
Another way to fix lazy eye
There are several other ways or exercises to fix lazy eye in both adults and children are:
- I-BiT (interactive binocular treatment
- watching movies
- occlu-Pad or Occlu-Tab
- concentration on one thing
- vivid Vision
- visual Activities Exercises
Studies indicated that amblyopia may be reversible with appropriate visual stimulation (11).
Visual performance activities may be improved with repetitive practice of specific controlled visual tasks.
Studies have shown that modern treatments like falling block and dig rush increase the higher chance of recovery from amblyopia.
Eye patches are one of the best ways to treat lazy eyes, but not alone.
There are several modern treatments, which dig rush, puzzles, reading, coloring, falling block construction, etc.