Human Nails: How It Grow, Records, How To Care, And More Things

A woman has grabbed a yellow cup with his hand and beautiful Nails

Over View

Human Nails are not only for showing or polishing, but it also tells a lot about our overall health. which we talk about later.

Nails are a lot vital in the life of girls, also in some boys, but girls keep them soo taken care of so that their nails can grow and look beautiful.

So today’s topic we will describe human nails, how they grow, different types, how to take care of them, and more things.

What Are Nails?

Fingern and toenails both are made up of an intense defensive protein called alpha-keratin, which is a polymer.

Alpha-protein is found in the hair, animal’s horns, hooves, and claws.

Nails are like a sheet at the tip of the finger which protects our sensitive skin from bacteria and parasites.

It is a part of the integumentary system that also includes skin and hair.

The “integumentary system” is the largest organ of the body which protects our internal part from the outer world.

How Nails Are Made?

Nails are made up of the nail plate, the matric, where the nails grow, and the nail bed, which skin beneath the nail plate.

Nail plate: Nail plates are made of translucent keratin protein, which is the hard part of the nail.

Nail matrix: where your nails start to grow.

The nail matrix continually produces new cells, pushing older cells up and forward, and if your nail is hurt or disorder, the matrix can also affect nail growth.

Nail bed: The nail bed is pinkish in color and is located under your nail plate.

It has a two-layer including:

  • Epidermis (epidermis protects your body by keeping unknown things out.)
  • Deeper dermis (which is living tissue containing glands and capillaries.)

The nail beds are various in size and shape, but a couple of people have shorter nail beds and while others have longer ones.

How Do Nails Grow?

Nails start to grow behind our u-shaped cuticle in the root area of the nail matrix, where the matrix contains specialized cells that keep dividing and creating nail cells.

These nail cells and produce keratin, then keratin-filled cells are pushed forward as more new cells are formed behind them.

However, once they come out they lose their power of multiplication and die from the visible part of our nail known as the nail plate.

World Longest Nails Record

Well, it is said that we should keep our nails short. but even then there are some people in the world who have taken their nails to great length.

The current holding record by an Indian.

The longest fingernails according to the Guinness world record on a single hand, are recorded by Shridhar chillal (Indian) and have a total length of 358.1 inches (909.6 cm).

And also the record of the longest thumbnail is also Shridhar chillal 197.8 cm (77.87 inches).

Different Shapes, and Color Disorder

Our sheet has many shapes like pale, bluish, gnawed nails, etc, and colours like white color, yellow, etc, and it says about our overall health a lot.

Here are nails shapes, and color problems include:

Pale Nails

This disorder is a common sign of aging, pale nails can indicate also some server problems in people such as:

  • Weakness
  • Congestive cardiovascular breakdown
  • Liver problem
  • Lack of healthy nutrients

Rippled Nails

If the nail surface is rippled or hollowed, this might be an early indication of psoriasis (a skin illness, that causes red, itchy skin) or joint pain.

And the staining of the nail is normal, but under the nail, the skin can appear to be ruddy brown.

Cracked Nails

Lack of iron in the body is a common reason for cracked nails.

If you face this type of nail, then you should add iron to your diet, also protein, and vitamin B which are great to build healthy nails.

And it has been linked to thyroid illness. cracking and parting combination with a yellowish tint is almost certainly because of fungal infection.

Puffy Nail

In this condition, the skin around the nails looks slightly red and swollen. this usually appears after an injury.

Acute paronychia typically is caused by an infection with microscopic organisms that attack the skin where it was harmed.

Chewed Nail

You must have come to know as soon as you hear its name that chewed nails are caused by chewing nails.

This is common in adults and children because of their stress-relieving habits.

Biting nails can greatly affect your health, and if you can’t stop this, even at bad times then this may become a habit, so talk to the doctor.

Horizontal Grooves

It can be caused by injury to the nail and perhaps profound or discoloured they can also indicate malnutrition, psoriasis, and a thyroid issue.

And there are other lines that are similar to this include:

Parallel white lines that extend right across the nails, known as Muehrcke’s lines, are an indication of a low degree of protein in the blood.

Clubbed Nails

This is also known as digital clubbing nails, which are a deformity of the finger or toenail related to various illnesses such as lung, and heart.

Sometimes the result of low oxygen in the blood is nails clubbed.

Color Disorder on Nails Sheet

White Color

The white color nails with darker rims near the top can show liver issues like hepatitis.

So make sure, if you see white color nails naturally, then talk to the doctor.

Yellow Color

The common cause of this is a fungal infection, moreover, smoking tobacco use people also see yellow nails.

And in uncommon cases, yellow nails can show a more severe condition like extreme thyroid illness, lung problems, and psoriasis.

Blue Nails

These are caused by the low level of oxygen or lack of oxygen circulation in your red blood cells, thus making the skin turn a purplish-blue color, also known as cyanosis.

How To Take Care of Nails?

nails cutting process

A common problem in nail growth is maintaining and keeping their hygiene which is not an easy task, ask the girls.

Care For Long Nails

It is very difficult to maintain long nails because there is a lot of chance of breaking them, also dirt also gets trapped easily in long nails.

Here are some tips to maintain long hair with proper hygiene include:

  • Touching your hair while bathing increases the risk of nail breakage, to prevent this, first wash your hair properly with shampoo, which will make the hair smooth.
  • Clean your nails on a daily basis.
  • Keep them dry, because wet nails become more weak and brittle.
  • Do not keep too long nails, keep only that, which does not hinder your work.
  • Applying nail polish, and a protector on them daily makes them a little stronger and prevents them from breaking while bending or folding.

Short Nails

It is very easy to maintain short nails, it also considers that fingernails should be short because they are easily cleaned, and don’t contain more dirt, and bacteria.

And the risk of any kind of infection is reduced.

If someone has a habit of chewing nails, even if they are small, but even then chewing nails is not good for health, it’s a bad habit.

Other Nails Care Tips

Manicure and pedicures which you do at home, or you can go to a salon, but if you do it at home.

Make sure to use special care sharp tools, and nail polish, with an adult’s help.

Down Line

Finger and toes shield both are made up of an intense defensive protein called alpha-keratin, and alpha-protein is found in the hair, animal’s horns, hooves, and claws.

The longest fingernails according to the Guinness world record on a single hand, are recorded by Shridhar chillal.

Applying nail polish, and a protector on them daily makes them a little stronger and prevents them from breaking while bending or folding.


Hello, I'm Sahil bisht, I am a Mechanical engineer, As well as, aspiring blogger with an obsession for health. This blog delicate to people who want to learn in health.

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