In today’s time, most people suffer from diabetes, which is now a common disease in most people, especially after 40 years old.
India remains the diabetes capital of the world and around 9 percent of the adult Indian population has this disease, which is the main reason is pollution.
So today will describe to you the diabetes range, signs, treatment more things that you need to know.
What is Diabetes?
Simple – This is a disease in which our blood sugar level reached a high stage due to which we get to see a lot of complications inside our body.
According to research conducted in Germany, the risk of type 2 diabetes increases by 46% due to constant exposure to pollution.
When someone has diabetes, their body’s ability to produce insulin is completely stopped (insulin is a hormone made in our pancreas, which helps the body to maintain body sugar levels)
It may attract other diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and covid -19, yes high sugar levels suppress our immune system and makes people more susceptible to infection.
Types of Diabetes?
- Type I: In this first type, the body doesn’t make this much insulin, which can control the whole body’s sugar level, as well as doesn’t transport energy to the cells.
Reason – Why the body produces an insufficient amount of insulin?
Because of pancreas beta cells death, which is due to an autoimmune disorder, the reason behind this is the family history of diabetes.
- Type II: This type is found in About 90% of people, In this, our body produces enough insulin, but instead of using it, it is fighting it.
Due to this sugar level in the blood is reached at a high level, and why this resistance is created? there is no hard proof that why our body doing resisting.
- Gestational diabetes: This type is seen in pregnant, women when the body becomes less sensitive to insulin, and not all women occur this, and it usually gets better after delivery.
Is Diabetes Reversible?
The answer is simple – Type II diabetes is reversible, In this type, the resistance against insulin develops in our body.
Type 1 diabetes is not reversible because in type 1 the production of insulin is not proper.
How Does Diabetes Affect The Body?
Glucose is the major fuel that provides energy for our body it is essential to cells for normal functioning, however, when it reached a high stage, they create problems in the body:
Damage cells: One of them is the beta cell which is responsible for insulin production.
And this insulin controls the high sugar level, In this case, the beta cells kill first, because of autoimmune disorder.
Look aged: Studies have shown that those with higher sugar levels in their blood tend to look older than those with lower levels.
Blood vessels effect: The effect of this disease on the nerves and blood vessels can lead to problems including:
- Trouble with digestion
- Sexual dysfunction
- Slow wound heal
Kidney damage: can also damage your kidneys and affect their performance to filter waste products from your blood.
Symptoms of Diabetes
If you see these signs several times, then go to the doctor, it may also be a symptom of diabetes. they include:
- Increased hunger
- blurry vision
- frequent urination
- more thirsty than usual days
If you see these types of symptoms, consult the doctor, they will tell you what is right for you, whatnot, and what precautions must be.
What Is The Ideal Range?
A healthy people the ideal sugar level should be less than 99, or 95 mg/dl, with an empty stomach, and after-meal is less than 139 or 140 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl.)
Empty stomach – If your sugar level empty stomach is between 100 – 125 mg/dl, the doctor may say, that you are at a pre-diabetes level means – you may have this disease.
And if your sugar level empty stomach is above then 126 mg/dl, then you are a diabetes patient.
After the meal – If your sugar level is between 140 – 199 mg/dl, then the doctor may also say, that you are at a pre-diabetes level means – you may have this disease.
And if the level is above 200 mg/dl then you are a patient of this illness, so make sure to stop this illness in the early stage.
Reasons of diabetes
The most common reason for this disease is high sugar level, this type 2, which occurs in about 90% of people of diabetes patients.
Type I diabetes
If you have type 1, so In this case, insufficient insulin production, which is responsible for maintaining the high sugar level.
NOTE: Understand it like this – Insufficient insulin = cause of beta cell death, which is produced by the pancreas = causes of autoimmune disorder = cause of family history of this disease.
Type II diabetes
There is no perfect, and hard evidence that proof by scientifically, that why type II diabetes happens, but two main reasons were given for this:
- Obesity (being overweight)
- Not doing physical activity
- Also the family history of this illness
Diabetes And Age
Aged people are at high risk of developing type II diabetes because of the joint impacts of increasing insulin and impaired pancreatic islet work with maturing.
Genes or family history in this illness is a common reason for type 1 diabetes in children at a young age.
But it also occurs in young age children, for most of the mothers this very terrible situation, and children with type 1 diabetes are diagnosed between the ages of 4 to 8, and during puberty 10 to 14.
How diabetes test done?
There are different ways of doing this particular test including:
Fasting test: One is the patient needs to be fasted for at least 8 hours, and then the blood is collected which is called a blood fasting test.
Postprandial test: It means that the patient needs to have this lunch and then go for the blood test where the blood sugar level will be tested.
Random test: In this particular test the blood is collected at any given time and the random blood sugar level will be checked in the person’s body.
HbA1c test: This test is also prescribed by a doctor it gives a precise section of blood sugar in our blood for the last 3 months.
NOTE: These all test is to diagnose type 2 diabetes, and even for type 1, so these test is very important for the detection of diabetes.
Glucose tolerance test? this test measures the body’s ability to handle a certain amount of glucose in fasting and the main use of this test is detecting gestational diabetes.
Treatment of Diabetes
If you suffer from type II diabetes, you can easily cure your diabetes in some natural ways, and here is medicine also available.
According to a lancet medical journal article, type II diabetes patients’ weight loss therapy can lead to the reversal of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes
If you have type 1 diabetes so your goal is to keep your blood glucose or sugar within a normal level and make sure before taking any medication, please consult the doctor.
1. Insulin therapy: In Type, I diabetes your body doesn’t make enough insulin.
So this insulin therapy works exactly the opposite of it, it gives your body insulin, which your body should need to control your sugar level.
You may need to give yourself an injection several times each day and rotate between injection sites – butt, stomach, and things, this helps avoid damage to your tissues.
2. Eat a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet, and avoiding excessive sugar dishes, such as soft drinks, may trigger other diseases.
3. Regular exercise: Running, cycling, yoga, and weight lifting are considered best for avoiding diseases.
Type 2 diabetes
NOTE: Before taking any advice from us, or any other sites, make sure you consult the doctor first. and if already take medication then you need to add some natural way to cure diabetes.
1. Eating a healthy diet: Eating a well-balanced diet such as adding fruit to your diet for regular basic includes:
- Vegetables, fruits, and whole grains
- Reduce intake of high-sugar foods, which is the most common reason in 80% people of with diabetes.
- Regular meals and snacks
- Maintain consumption of carbs, proteins, and fats
2. Regular exercise: Regular exercise is very effective to work, if you should lower your diabetes level, then you should also give some effort into your side.
- This may lower blood sugar levels by about 30%
- This may lead to weight loss
Whenever you go with weight loss way, make sure to consult your doctor first,
3. Medication: Some medications may increase the amount of insulin in your pancreas making others reduce insulin resistance in your skeletal muscles.
Some medications let helpful chemicals in your digestive system stay active longer these chemicals help lower your blood sugar level.
According to research conducted in Germany, the risk of type 2 increases by 46% due to constant exposure to pollution.
Gestational type diabetes is seen in pregnant, women when the body becomes less sensitive to insulin, and not all women occur this, and it usually gets better after delivery.
One is the patient needs to be fasted for at least 8 hours, and then the blood is collected which is called a blood fasting test.