Menstruation (Period): Pain, Side Effect, Home-Treatment, And Precaution

tampon with the very small red balls


Periods or menstruation is a natural wonder, where vaginal bleeding occurs every month, it is part of women’s reproductive system.

Menstruation and about which girls are hesitant to talk to anyone, because of our society and culture which do not accept this problem of girls.

Both girls and boys must know about it. so you can prepare before your first period. and don’t worry about it.

NOTE: A movie was also made in India (भारत) related to this topic (PADMAN) which was based on a true incident.

In this movie, it was told how society views girls or women during menstruation (period).

Note: Menstruation meaning in Hindi, Tamil, Chinese, Spanish, French, Urdu, Bengali, Russian, Portuguese, Korean, and Japanese.

Languages Menstruation
Hindi, Tamil

Menstruation is part of a woman’s reproductive cycle.

It occurs in women every month in response to reproductive hormones – primarily estrogen and progesterone – when a woman’s womb gets ready for pregnancy.

tampon with the very small red balls

The menstrual cycle occurs due to the rise and fall of hormones.

As the result of this cycle, thickening of the lining of the uterus and enlargement of the egg, (which is necessary for Pregnancy).

The egg is released from an ovary around day fourteen in the cycle, the thick layer of the uterus provides nutrients to the fetus after implantation.

If implantation does not occur then the lining is known as menstruation.

The average age of the first period is generally later in the developing world, and earlier in the developed world.

The period stops during Pregnancy and typically does not resume during the initial months of breastfeeding.

Menstruation stops occurring after menopause, which usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age.

Periods occur in other animals such as mice, hamsters, sheep, goats, cattle, horses, elephants, dogs, and rabbits have an oestrous cycle, but not all have a menstrual cycle.

Causes of Menstrual

This period (menstruation) is caused by the change of hormones in the body, which causes the lining of the hormones uterus (or womb).

The built-up lining is ready for a fertilized egg to attach to and develop.

If there is no fertilized egg, the lining breaks down and bleeds. then the same process happens all over again.

In clear language, bleeding adds a ladder to become a mother or reproductive system.

It normally takes a month for the lining to build up, and then break down. That is why most girl and women get their periods once a month.

When Does it Start Occurring?

Menstruation (Period) in girls is normal and is a vital part of Women’s and girl’s life.

Simply at the Age of 12 to 16 most girls get their first period.

Note: But it depends on the girl’s body a girl doesn’t need to get her first period at the age of 12 to 15, or 16 it depends on the individual body.

People should give their children proper knowledge there is nothing to shame about it.

Sometimes periods are not regular (which means monthly) but as time passes then she can get it monthly yes it is not necessary it happens to everyone maybe you can have your periods monthly after your first period.

When periods are supposed to happen the first time the body changes a bit the size of the breast starts to enhance or white water discharge comes and normal hormones too.

Understand its Duration

Menstruation is the most visible phase of the menstrual cycle and its beginning is used as the marker between cycles.

The effect of menstruation can occur every 21 to 40 days and last 2 to 7 days. these can be long cycles in the first few years after menstruation.

Although the menstrual cycle is reduced, it becomes more regular according to your growing age.

The menstrual cycle may be irregular (same length every month) and to some extent, irregular, and the period may be mild or heavy, painful or pain-free.

What about Bleeding?

The average amount of menstrual women lose 30 to 90 ml of fluid over 3-7 days of menstruation.

About half of the menstrual fluid is blood.

This blood contains sodium, calcium, phosphate, iron, and chloride, the amount of which depends on the health of the woman.

Along with blood, there are vaginal secretions, cervical mucus, and endometrial tissue.

Vaginal fluid in menses mainly contributes to water, common electrolytes, organ moieties, and at least 14 proteins including glycoproteins.

Bleeding is an important part of a girl’s or woman’s life but it also sometimes gives an embarrassing feel.

So you should keep a pad or panty, tampon, and menstrual cup with you.

Menstrual Cup

Many girls carry a menstrual cup with them. this cup is made of silicone which is made to prevent bleeding inside.

To use it, a girl has to insert it into her vagina. it holds the blood until she empties it.


Most girls use pads. this is the priority or first choice of girls who come in a lot of shapes and sizes.

It has sticky strips that attach to the underwear and absorb the blood.


A tampon is a cotton plug that girls insert into their vaginas. it also acts as a pad but it remains inside the vagina and a pad outside the vagina.

Many tampons come with an applicator that guides the tampon in place.

Make sure not to leave the tampon inside for more than 8 hours. By doing this you can risk toxic shock syndrome infection.

Side Effects on the Body

In most women, various physical changes are brought about by fluctuations in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle.

This includes cramping, hormonal changes, fatigue, headache, changes in libido, or irritability before the onset of their period.

A women is on fatigue

Some girls or women do not show any symptoms before the onset of periods and a healthy diet with, a low intake of salt, caffeine, and alcohol.

However, regular exercise or yoga may effectively control women’s water retention.

Don’t worry that you will also get a solution to these problems, which you can treat in your home, no medicine is needed.

It is a natural process in which how much pain will be there depends on your health.

Hormonal Changes

The menstrual cycle is the uterus of a woman’s reproductive system and a series of many natural changes that make pregnancy.

Note: Many hormonal changes occur during the menstrual cycle, in which estrogen levels rise and fall twice during the menstrual cycle.

Estrogen and progesterone are the two main hormones, where estrogen levels increase after ovulation, and then decrease when the period ends.

And there is no solution to hormonal changes. it is important to have this, through which you pass the test of becoming a mother.


When girls get their periods (and don’t worry pain depends on your health) then the body feels pain like stomach pain and especially mood swings too.

They are common sometimes some people feel pain too much (but don’t worry about it, it depends on your health) & some people don’t feel that much pain.

But if your pain is a bit too much then concern your doctor. it helpful for you.

Normally periods happen for a minimum of 2 days or a maximum of 7 days.

Cramps (later we will talk about it) and pain are pretty normal because half of the menstruation fluid is blood it is in different colours like Reddish-brown, and darker than blood.

Many girls and women experience painful cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea, during menstruation (period).

Cramps you get in your lower belly just before and during your period and pain ranges from mild to severe.

They usually happen for the first time a year or two after a girl first gets their period. with aging, they usually become less painful and may stop entirely after you have your first baby.

Cramps in different parts

  • Pain in belly
  • Pain in the back, hips, and inner thighs
  • Vomiting
  • Loose stools

Cramps happen because of contractions in the uterus, or womb, which is a muscle.

If it contracts too strongly during your menstrual cycle, it can press against nearby blood vessels.

Cramps treatment at home

  • Heat can also help place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your back or tummy. and a warm bath may also provide some relief.
  • Mild exercise also works in cramps like butterflies, and meditation, doing this for 2 to 5 minutes will reduce your pain by 50%.
  • Pour 2 to 4 drops of mustard oil inside your navel, and massage in a circular motion in the area around the lower abdominal Make sure with light hands.

Behaviour change

In some girls, 1 or 2 weeks before the period or in the first period, they feel emotional disturbances, symptoms like:

  • Tension
  • crying
  • irritation
  • mood swings
  • problems with concentration

This problem occurs due to a lack of knowledge of menstrual (period) children do not know what is causing the bleeding.

So they start to do such activities as crying, irritability, and about whom to tell (they do not know).

But it also has a normal home treatment.

Whenever you have to bleed for the first time, tell your mother, friends, doctor, and your elder sister because she knows very well and she too has gone through this situation.

And do not take tension at all girls because it is a natural process that happens to every girl and talking about bleeding, pain, cramps, it depends on your health, what kind of health you have (good or bad).

S*xual Behavior

Sexual feelings, and behaviour change during menstrual.

Increased levels of estrogen and androgens increase sexual activities in women before and during ovulation.

Girls may first notice an interest in sexual activities during menstrual (period) or during bleeding days.

CAUTION: Having sex with someone can be dangerous these days, so stay away from it.

But you can control your sexual activities through yoga and exercise including:

a women doing meditation on bed


  • Surya Namaskar (सूर्य नमस्कार) (can be practised if there is no heavy bleeding or cramping. but it should not be in a fast manner).
  • Child pose (बालसाना)
  • Cat pose (मार्जरीआसन)

Yoga to avoid

  • Bandhas (बाँधेस आसान)

Precaution During Periods

In the first period, and during the period both girls and women take some precautions.

So that there is no risk of infection or disease. include:


Use a clean pad. make sure not to wear any dirty clothes.

If you cannot take the pad, use homemade sundried cotton pads. they are also eco-friendly.

Eat Well-Balanced Diet

We all know that a healthy nourishing diet is the foundation of a healthy lifestyle.

Apart from weight loss, eating a balanced diet is also vital for the overall health of women.

But females (women) need more nutrients than in the case of men, these needs also change with the change of each stage of life, especially in periods, and in Pregnancy.

Exercise or yoga

No hard push increases your pain walking is good, and yoga, pranayam, and meditation are also good.

If you don’t want to do anything listen to your body and take a rest.

Down Line

Menstruation (period) is a normal or say vital part of every woman’s and girl’s life. Both girls and boys must know about it.

A movie was also made in India (भारत) related to this topic (PADMAN) which was based on a true incident.

CAUTION: Having intercourse with someone can be dangerous these periods days, so stay away from it.


Hello, I'm Sahil bisht, I am a Mechanical engineer, As well as, aspiring blogger with an obsession for health. This blog delicate to people who want to learn in health.

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  1. I apologize for interfering, but could you please give a little more information.

    1. Ok, sir but what type of information you need. can u tell me, I would be happy to add that information, and Thank u so much for reading and for your precious time, and do share and read my other articles too.

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