Fever is a very-very common illness, which acts as an alarm and tells us that there is something wrong inside our body.
It is caused by a viral infection, and if it comes, again and again, it indicates some disease. however, getting a fever means – that body is fighting the disease.
Fever is a very common illness, like cough, and cold, which goes on its own most of the time.
What Is Fever?
It is also known as pyrexia, hyperthermia, and elevated temperature.
The increase in body temperature more than normal is called fever. and it informs us that there is something wrong with our bodies.
Our body’s normal temperature usually comes b/w 37°C (98.6 degrees F, however, each person’s normal body temperature is slightly different.
How Does Our Body Produces Fever?
Our body core temperature is maintained by thermoregulation, which generally keeps our temperature around 98.6 degrees F.
This mechanism is controlled by the brain’s hypothalamus, which detects body temperature, and sends signals accordingly throughout the body.
In case of fever, the hypothalamus produces signals that activate our sweat glands and make blood vessels expand, moving blood closer to the skin’s surface – all of which release heat and cool down body temperature.
Most of the time viral infection is the reason for the fever, but there are some other reasons and side effects that cause fever which include:
- Hay fever
- Vaccine, and medicine side effects
- Cold, and flu
- illegal drug use
- Infectious – Pneumonia, and flu
- Teething in babies
- Inflammation diseases
All these illness and flu causes fever – when our body know that there is danger in inside, then they raise the body temp so that some bacteria and viruses can be killed.
Does Fever Indicate Disease?
Yes, It works as an indicator of the disease, if it is frequent and more at night then, it tells that there is something wrong with the body.
Although, viral infections such as colds, and flu also cause fever, which goes away by taking certain medicines.
On the basis of what causes fever comes, its symptoms can be seen, and there are common symptoms which include:
- Sweating, especially at night
- An increase in normal body temperature is the biggest symptom.
- Inability to work and falling asleep
- Being irritable
- Loss of appetite
Some people may see other symptoms including:
- Increased in heartbeat
- Chills, even in summer
- Skin rash
- Feel Weak during walking, or traveling
Which Diseases Cause Fever?
There are some common illnesses that cause this illness are:
Typhoid fever – Typhoid is a bacterial disease caused by Salmonella typhi, and these bacteria come from contaminated food, and water.
Covid – Covid as known as coronavirus is a kind of virus that causes an infection in our nose, throat, and lungs, due to which many lives were lost in 2020, and starting in 2021.
Malaria – Malaria is caused by a parasite called plasmodium, which is spread by an infected mosquito, and fever, chills, and diarrhea are common symptoms of malaria.
Dengue – It is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito (lady mosquito), which injects virus inside us, causing fever, Headache, joint pain, weakness, etc.
Fever in Children
Children are more prone to illness, and fever can be a common sign of an infection in children.
In young children, this is very normal, especially those children who play in dusty areas and put things in their mouths.
NOTE: But this is not bad, in fact getting infectious builds a baby’s immune system.
The causes of it in children below 4 to 5 years of age, maybe something else like –
- Teething in babies
- Bacteria and viruses
Home-Treatment For Babies
If you have a thermometer, so you easily check the temperature, if not then just touch the forehead and neck.
Here are some simple tips that reduce fever in children are:
- Dress them in light cloth
- Put a cold washcloth on their forehead.
- Take rest
- Drink more liquid, because during illness our body works hard, so it uses more water, due to which there may be a lack of water in the child’s body.
If this is not working, then take your child to the child doctor, and they’ll tell you what’s good for your baby.
NOTE: So make sure always show children to the children’s doctor (Paediatrician)
What About – Mystery Fever In Children
In the city of UP, India, in the month of August and September 2021, children are dying due to mysterious fever, out of which more than 100 children have died in 1 month alone.
NOTE: Most experts say that – dengue, chikungunya, and influenza which come after the monsoon is the main reason for this fever in children.
How To Check Fever?
You can check it in many ways for both adults and children which include:
- By using thermometer
- Touching forehead, and neck
What Treatments Are Available?
As I told you earlier, there can be many reasons for the occurrence of fever and it depends on its cause and how will it be treated.
If it is caused by a viral infection, bacteria, and virus, so only by taking antibiotics and some medicines the fever goes down.
The most common treatment for this include:
- OTC over-the-counter drug – Acetaminophen and Paracetamol.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs – ibuprofen and naproxen.
NOTE: Sometimes it goes automatically, because of the Immune system, but not in children.
If it is come frequently, especially at night, then it indicates that something inside the body is not good, then talk to the doctor.
Self-Treatment At Home
You can treat fever at home are:
- By drinking more water and liquid
- Make sure to take a rest
- Put a cold cloth on the forehead
- Take warm bath
- Eat light food like soup, oatmeal, porridge, etc
How To Prevent From Fever?
It indicates illness, it is clear and we should take these steps to avoid these diseases that cause fever.
Here are some tips that can help reduce your exposure are:
- Always wash your hand, before eating, and drinking, especially after using the toilet.
- Teach your children – how to clean themselves, by doing some easy steps.
- Carry hand sanitiser, which is necessary for this covid situation, so make sure, when you are outside keep sanitizing your hands.
- Wear masks, especially in the rush area, and dust area.
- Don’t eat anyone’s food, and if you are sick don’t share your cloth, and food with others.
Fever works as an indicator of the illness, if it is frequent and more at night then, it tells that there is something wrong inside the body.
In the city of UP, India, in the month of august and September 2021, children are dying due to mysterious fever, out of which more than 100 children have died in 1 month alone.
Drink more liquid, because during illness our body works hard, so it uses more water, due to which there may be a lack of water in the child’s body.