Sinuses are not a disease, they are made for our body to lighten our skull bone.
In India, around 134 + Indians face chronic sinusitis, and its symptoms are runny nose, headache, sore throat, cough, etc.
So this topic will tell about sinuses, their infection, sinusitis, treatment, prevention, and more extra things.
What Are The Sinuses?
Sinuses are containing air-filled spaces in our faces, which god made in our bodies to lighten and ventilate our skull bones.
It works by capturing dust particles and taking them out, also producing mucus so that the nose retains moisture from the inside.
NOTE: If there is an infection in the sinuses, it is called sinusitis.
The sinus is located behind our forehead, nose, between eyes, and cheekbones, and it produces mucus (The job of mucus is to lubricate our nose).
Reason For Sinuses Infection?
It can also be reason by bacterial infection, and viruses, and persists.
Some other reasons such as flu, and cold, block the sinuses, due to which mucus is formed inside but does not come out, which allows bacteria and viruses to grow and cause sinuses.
Other conditions due to which sinusitis can be:
NOTE: This condition also contributes to sinus pain and other symptoms.
Is Sinus Infection Contagious (Spread)?
NOTE: The sinusitis itself is not contagious, but infection can be contagious.
If you have sinusitis, by virus, or bacteria, It can easily spread through cold, cough bacteria into the air from one person to another.
(But doesn’t mean it will develop on you also)
But you can avoid spreading it by:
- Wearing a mask (which is compulsory in covid time)
- Wash your hand, before eating
- Cover your mouth during cough, and sneezing
Types of Sinuses
Maxillary sinus: This is the largest parasanal sinus which is also known as the antrum of Highmore, and it starts developing within the 3 months gestation period.
Ethmoid sinus: This is located between our eyes, it is divided into 2 groups anterior ethmoid, and posterior sinus.
Sphenoid sinus: It is located behind the nose between the eyes. it starts developing after 2 years of age, and the last appearance on X-ray.
Frontal sinus: It is located on our forehead, it is not present at birth, but it also starts developing after 2 years of age, and it reaches its full size at 18 years of age.
Sign And Symptoms of Sinusitis
Sinusitis infections present in various manners among these very common symptoms are:
- Flowing nose
- Headache, due to pressure which is produced by blocked mucus, creates a headache
- Watery nose, and eyes
- Breathing problem
- Ear pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Facial pressure feel
- Decrease in smell
- Bad breath
Symptoms of chronic sinusitis infection are the same as common, however, the severity and length will be greater.
Sinusitis and Covid Relation
Both Covid and sinusitis are not that equal how? see, Covid-19 symptoms such as:
In Sinusitis you mostly feel discomfort in your face including:
- bad breath
- ear pain
- flowing nose, and not all Sinusitis is not the same as covid signs
NOTE: But the symptoms of the Delta variant are very similar to Sinusitis symptoms – like fever, sore throat, runny nose, and headache.
If you face any symptoms of the new delta version, immediately isolate yourself, and stay in touch with the doctor.
How To Treat Sinus?
As we know know that the cause of sinus infection is a blockage and due to the blockage, the mucus accumulates inside which leads to infection.
The goal of treatment is to open the path so that the mucus comes out. here are some effective ways:
Here are several ways to treat sinus through drugs or home-remedies are:
If you can’t see any better symptoms within a few weeks, so you have a bacterial infection, then you definitely should talk to the doctor.
They will provide you with some antibiotics like:
Amoxicillin is the common antibiotic that treats possible sinusitis. this medicine is mainly effective against bacteria.
NOTE: Don’t buy any medicine before consulting the doctor, they will look at your condition, then suggest, what is good for you.
Surgery is the last option if any treatment is not working on you, and if you face chronic sinusitis.
In this doctor clears the sinuses, repairs deviated septum, and remove polyps, which is a great treatment for chronic sinusitis.
NOTE: sinusitis treatment depends on what caused it to include cold, and just virus, then all the remedies given above are effective.
Inhale the steam of boiled hot water through the nose, which will thin out your accumulated mucus and get rid of blocked sinuses.
Do this 2 to 4 days for 3 times a day.
If you face headache, and pain in your face, you just have to take a towel place it in the hot water squeeze it, and then place it on your face for up to 2 to 5 minutes.
Rinse Your Nostril
If it is possible to rinse your nostril then do it with salt water it will help from relieving the irritation or inflammation which is coming there.
NOTE: You can also use Some Inhalers during that time, but before buying consult the doctor.
If you have had sinusitis for the first time, then you should try these remedies. if these do not help, then you should consult a doctor.
Signs That You Are Getting Better
Simple – It’s the same as what you used to feel before you had a sinus infection such as:
- No difficulty in breathing
- No more same difficulties that you face during sinuses infection
NOTE: A cold and viral sinus infection usually goes away on its own in 10 to 15 days.
But if it has been more than 3 to 4 weeks since you faced it, then you should talk to your healthcare provider.
If you want to prevent this disease, you first have to control your cough, cold, and allergic reaction to the primary illness that triggers your sinus infection.
To best way to prevent these diseases, choose a healthy lifestyle, which reduces your allergic, and cold symptoms which include:
- Eat healthy food, such as green veggies, fruits
- Avoid those things that negatively trigger your immunity like – smoking, excessive alcohol, junk food, etc.
- Wash your hand before eating
- If you have allergic, so make sure to wear a mask, avoid dust areas, etc
- Avoid close contact with colds, coughs, and allergic people.
If we are able to restrict the primary disease then the secondary disease will not come.
If there is an infection in the sinuses, it is called sinusitis.
The Most vital role of the sinuses is to produce mucus so that the nose remains moisturized from the inside.
If you have sinusitis, by virus, or bacteria, so It can easily spread through cold, cough bacteria into the air from one person to another.