Polio: Symptoms, History, Prevention, And More Extra

an Indian child receiving a polio drops


Polio which we have heard a lot in childhood, and have seen many children with disabilities.

These diseases mainly affect children under the age of 5, and someone who has not been vaccinated is at risk of developing this diseas

It is an infectious disease also known as poliomyelitis, caused by a virus, which affects the central nervous system, resulting in flaccid paralysis.

Children under the age of 5 are at high risk of polio, and it can spread from person to person through an infected person water droplets.

Moreover, it can easily spread when the poop of an infected person comes into our mouth through contaminated water or food.

Many countries are free from polio thanks to vaccination and these countries such as:

  • America
  • Southeast Asia
  • Western Pacific
  • Africa – free from polio on 25 August 2020.
  • Europe

However, some countries are still facing this disease which includes:

  • Pakistan
  • Afghanistan

Check Out – Polio Vaccine: Possible Things You Need To Know

an Indian child receiving a polio drops

From History To Today’s World

This disease was first recognized as a separate condition in 1789 by physician Micheal Underwood.

The virus causing it was first identified in 1909 by Australian Immunologist Karl Landsteiner.

In 1952 the most dangerous outbreak of this epidemic in American history about 58,000 cases were seen, 3,145 died and left 21, and 269 faced disability.

In the 1950s most hospitals limited access to Iron Lungs for patients, who were unable to inhale oxygen on their own.

What About – In India – vaccination against polio in India began with the EPI (Expanded program Immunization) in 1985,

And around 60% of infants were given all 3 doses of OPV (Oral poliovirus vaccines).

And In 1985, the UPI (Universal Immunization Programme) was introduced to vaccinate all districts in India.

NOTE: The last case of polio was reported in India a decade ago on January 13, 2011, after the country is free from polio.

India got polio certification on 27 March 2014 along with the whole of Southeast Asia.

In Pakistan – Pilio is still standing in 2 countries, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, and is eradicated in the rest of the world.

In 2015, 53 cases were reported in Pakistan, more than in any other country. 20 in 2016, 8 in 2017, 12 in 2018, and 147 cases in 2019.

Cases were low from 2014 to 2018 due to the UAE’s support for the Immunization of 440 million dirhams.

Reasons of Polio

The reason for polio is poliovirus (a viral infection), which is contagious through saliva and sneeze drops.

This also happens when you are eating and drinking contaminated water, or food.

So make sure whenever you come home, or consume anything wash your hand properly, which is also required in the covid situation.

Symptoms of Polio

It’s assessed that 95 to close to 100% of people who contract poliovirus are asymptomatic. and most people get infected with them but they still do not know.

The two basic patterns of this infection are:

Minor illness (Non-paralytic Polio)

This does not involve the central nervous system, rarely, the infection is seen with mild symptoms such as:

Minor polio is also known as abortive poliomyelitis.

Major illness (Paralytic Polio)

In Around 1% of people, paralytic polio enters the central nervous system which symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Neck pain
  • Back, abdominal pain
  • Extremity pain
  • Fever
  • Vomitting
  • Irritability

These symptoms are similar to non-paralytic polio, but more serious symptoms will appear after a week, which include:

  • Muscles become weak
  • Floppy and poorly controlled
  • Completely paralyzed
  • Deformed legs, hips, ankles, and feet

Post-Polio Syndrome

This condition appears 15 to 30 years after having polio, and it is possible to return even after recovering, the common symptoms of:

  • Muscles weakness
  • Easily fatigued and exhausted
  • Muscle pain
  • Complete waste of that muscle
  • Affected area low temperature
  • Sleep discomfort

If you notice any discomfort talk to the doctor, and tell them everything of your childhood polio, which will consider treatment as per your condition.

How does It spread?

This disease is mainly spread through the medium of the poop-oral route like contaminated food and water.

But it also spreads from an infected person to a healthy person through saliva, cough, and sneeze drops.

However, some diseases can also enhance the risk of polio infection such as:

  • Low immunity
  • skeletal muscle injury
  • pregnancy, (however, the virus can cross the maternal-fetal wall)

Learn more about – Exercises during Pregnancy

How will Doctors Diagnose Polio?

Doctors diagnose polio after seeing your symptoms.

The doctor usually takes a sample of the poop and a sample of a Swab of the pharynx (a part of the throat).

More tests such as molecule mapping or PCR amplification, are to define if it is the mild type.

Other tests such as cerebrospinal fluid for the poliovirus, and white blood cells.

Treatment of Polio

There is no cure for this disease, but doctors can only treat the symptoms to help you do something.

The focus of today’s treatment keeps on providing you with symptom relief, speedy recovery and preventing complications.

But there is some best ways to treat polio:

  • Antibiotics to control infection in weakened muscles
  • Pain killers
  • Moderate exercises, and a nutrition diet.
  • Bed rest
  • Heating pads to ease muscles

NOTE: Portable ventilators are commonly called iron lung ventilators which help the person breathe in, and out.

In today’s polio patients use jacket-type ventilators.

Ways to prevent It?

NOTE: The best way to prevent polio is to get vaccinated.

In India, the first dose of polio vaccination is given at birth. Second dose at the age of 1 month. The third dose was at the age of 2 months.

The vaccine protects children by boosting their immunity against poliovirus.

In today’s time, except for Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the whole world has become polio-free.

Learn more about – Food That Boosts Immunity

Down Line

The reason for this virus which is a viral infection, it can spread from one infected person to another person through saliva, and sneeze drops.

There is no cure for this disease, but doctors can only treat the symptoms to help you to do something.

In today’s time, except for Pakistan, and Afghanistan, the whole world has become polio-free.


Hello, I'm Sahil bisht, I am a Mechanical engineer, As well as, aspiring blogger with an obsession for health. This blog delicate to people who want to learn in health.

Recommended Articles


  1. It is a pity, that I can not participate in discussion now. It is not enough information. But this theme me very much interests.
    throatpie compilation

    1. Thank u so much for reading, many people love it, but still, google doesn’t rank my site even post. So please share as far as possible, and read my other post, which I granted you loved.
      One more thing, If you think that something on my site is not perfect, so let me know.

  2. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or advice. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  3. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this information. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and web and this is actually irritating. A good site with interesting content, that is what I need. Thanks for keeping this website, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

    1. Thank u.. that you check my site please share my site with others, and please read other posts which are really nailing.

  4. Thank u.. that you check my site please share my site with others, and please read other posts which are really nailing.
    and yes I will check your site

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *